Terpenes are what give the cannabis plant its aroma. All flora and many different fungi contain terpenes. Some are unique to the cannabis plant while others occur elsewhere, such as Linalool in lavender. There are a vast array of terpenoids that can provide not only specific smells, but a plethora of medicinal benefits as well. The Following are several common terpenes.Limonene
Flavor / Aroma – Citrus.
Medicinal Uses – Limonene can be used to help promote weight loss, prevent and treat cancer, and treat bronchitis. It can also be used to make ointments and medicinal creams that penetrate the skin better.Myrcene
Flavor / Aroma – Earthy and musky with a hint of fruity flavors.
Medicinal Uses – anti-inflammatory, sedative and muscle relaxer. Contributes to the tired/stoney feeling often attributed to indicas.Linalool
Flavor / Aroma – Floral with a hint of spice. In addition to cannabis, linalool can be found in an array of flowers, mint, cinnamon, and even some fungi.
Medicinal Uses –anti-inflammatory, helps to modulate motor movements, aids in treatment of liver cancer.Alpha Bisabolol
Flavor / Aroma – Floral. Alpha bisabolol is also found in chamomile.
Medicinal Uses – Can be used to heal wounds, fights bacteria, multi systemic anti-inflammatory, aroma therapeutic stress relieverDelta 3 Carene
Flavor / Aroma – Piney / earthy.
Medicinal Uses – anti-inflammatory. It is also known to dry fluids like tears, running noses, and menstrual flows.Borneol
Flavor / Aroma – Earthy and camphor.
Medicinal Uses –analgesic, anti-insomnia, anti-septic, and bronchodilator.Alpha-Pinene / Beta-Pinene
Flavor / Aroma – Pine. partially where pine trees get their scent from.
Medicinal Uses – Pinene has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties.Eucalyptol
Flavor / Aroma – Spicy. Eucalyptol is used as a cooking spice and fragrance.
Medicinal Uses –cough suppressants, mouthwash, and body powder.Terpineol
Flavor / Aroma – Pine, clove.
Medicinal Uses – anti-oxidant, expectorantCaryophyllene
Flavor / Aroma – Hops, this is the most common terpene in hops(what beer comes from)
Medicinal Uses – anti-anxiety and depression.Camphene
Flavor / Aroma – Herbal.
Medicinal Uses – anti-inflammatory and antibiotic.
Flavonoids make tea, wine and chocolate taste divine. Research shows that the 21 known flavonoids in cannabis might help fight cancer, inflammation, diabetes, viral infections, as well as increase cerebral blood flow, and enhance cortical activity. Here are a few major flavors.Apigenin
— a powerful anti-anxiety agent; also found in chamomile; potent anti-inflammatory; cancer inhibitorSilymarin
— impedes replication of hepatitis C virus; anti-oxidantLuteolin
— potential cancer preventative and therapeuticQueercetin
— interrupts cancer cell creation cycle; anti-viral; potent anti-inflammatoryKaempferol
— anti-oxidant; diabetes treatment; heart disease treatment; anti-bacterial; anti-viralOrientin
— antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibiotic and anti-cancer agentVitexin
— anti-cancer properties; could help treat goutSource: McPartland, Russo, Fundacion CANNA/
11 MARIJUANA TERPENES YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT. (2015). Retrieved April 4, 2017, from http://maryjanesdiary.com/terpenes/