Knowledge is power

You know the saying an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure? Well knowing how to avoid getting cancer is the first step to fighting it. Here’s some facts on many factors that you have control over.
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Wellness through nature!

Anti-Cancer Supplements

There is a wide variety of natural medicines shown to aid in the fight against cancer. Flowers, herbs, roots and mushrooms along with many other natural elements such as vitamins and minerals, have all been used to combat cancer for many years. The following supplements are some of the many available natural medicines.

FISH OILS Long chain omega 3 is essential for cellular health, control of local inflammation, longevity and much, much more. Research shows supplementation, because it is daily and dose-controlled, actually provides more benefit than eating oily fish. Fish oils reduce the risk of cachexia, and can reduce polyps, the precursors to colorectal cancer.

SELENIUM Helps displace heavy metals from the body. Anti-oxidant mineral recognised more and more as essential in the fight against cancer; for example, German research shows it lowers prostate cancer risk.

CHLORELLA Rather than take vitamin A, go for superfood chlorella. People simply do not eat enough ´greens´, and chlorella is a ´super-green´. Wonderful source of both natural cis- and trans-beta-carotene, minerals and vitamin B-12, especially important if you employ a meat-free diet. This is how to get your vitamin A; your body will make what it wants from beta-carotene.

VITAMIN E Powerful immune system booster. But take a natural form that ideally combines all 4 tocopherols and all 4 tocotrienols. You simply cannot eat the daily quantities shown to be effective in scientific studies.

VITAMIN D If you cannot get a couple of hours in the sunshine every day, you should consider supplementation of 5000IUs, as recommended by Harvard medical School. This vitamin is actually a hormone and has been shown to activate the immune system, reduce the risk of cancer and even correct cancer cells in research studies.

B COMPLEX B Vitamins are essential for correct cellular division and replication apart from playing a role in the nervous system and many of the senses. A pre-cursor to diseases like Alzheimer´s and cancer has been shown to be the buildup of Homocysteine levels in the body. B Vitamins can keep this under control. Normally your gut bacteria MAKE your B vitamins (if you feed them fibrous foods). But after antibiotics and chemo, your gut bacteria will not be functioning properly.

Two recent studies have shown an unexpected benefit of vitamin K—that it reduces the odds of developing breast and liver cancers. Possible mechanism: Vitamin K activates osteocalcin, a protein involved in making strong bones. Recent research found that osteocalcin also may function as an anticancer nutrient. Advice: Take 300 micrograms (mcg) of either vitamin K-1 or vitamin K-2, the forms most often studied. Caution: Vitamin K may increase blood clotting. Do not take vitamin K if you also are taking blood-thinning medication unless you are being monitored by a doctor.

COENZYME Q10 Research shows antioxidant, anti-ageing, anti-cancer benefits levels in tissues decline as you age. Essential to your mitochondria, US research clearly shows you can recapture the levels of your youth by supplementation. Max 50 mgs a day. Above is wasted.

GRAPE SEED EXTRACT Shown in the American VITAL study to be the top anti-oxidant commonly available. It is an OPC, and Pine Bark Extract (another OPC but not in the research study) may be even better.

Research shows a variety of health benefits; an anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory, this spice (Turmeric) seems to play a strong role in a number of anti-cancer pathways, and in other illnesses too. Prof. Aggarwal of MD Anderson claims he does not know a cancer it does not have a positive effect against. Take with olive oil and black pepper (pipeline) for maximum absorption.

RESVERATROL Seems to play a prevention role in everything from dementia to strokes to cancer. It is now known to act as a pro drug with the CYP1B1 gene in cancer cells. The gene turns it into piceatannol which kills the cancer cell. Research is coming thick and fast on this natural compound found in organic red grape skins.

MODIFIED CITRUS PECTIN Again, new research abounds on the abilities of this compound to block the ´velcro patches´ on the outside of cancer cells, reducing their abilities to stick to each other and to new tissues. This reduces metastases. INDOLE 3 CARBINOL I3C can convert aggressive oestradiol into a safer sister, and even modify oestrogen receptor sites on cells (much like Tamoxifen) and prevent dangerous oestrogens binding there. But it also works against non-oestrogenic cancers via the p27 pathway. Research shows clear benefits in Triple Negative Breast Cancer

REISHI MUSHROOMS Perhaps one of the most well-known medicinal mushroom in Asian healing arts is Ganoderma lucidum, or better known by its common name, reishi. The mushroom’s bioactive molecules and polysaccharides have been shown to better activate natural killer (NK) cells reducing cancer metastasis. NK cells are lymphocytes that perform immunosurveillance within the body, constantly on the lookout for “immuno-alerters” signaling tumor presence. Reishi also has been shown to assist in slowing the growth (angiogenesis) of tumors as well as triggering programmed cell death in malignant cells. Currently, there is data to support the potential use of reishi as, at the very least, an adjunct therapy for colorectal cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, and breast cancer.

MAITAKE MUSHROOMS Maitake, like the reishi mushroom, also contains a broad-spectrum array of bioactive molecules. In studies, maitake has shown similar results as the reishi mushroom in stimulating NK cell activity in cancer patients. The mushroom also shows promise in blocking tumor growth and activating malignant cell death through its specific immune-enhancing methods. Maitake has clinically shown promise for individuals with breast cancer, lung cancer, and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).

AGARICUS BLAZEI MURILL MUSHROOMS This mushroom made perhaps the biggest splash when a study jointly conducted by the Medical Department of Tokyo University, The National Cancer Center Laboratory, and Tokyo College of Pharmacy showed a complete recovery in 90% of guinea pigs injected with cancer cells (180 sarcoma).
The pattern of other mushrooms was seen again as agaricus blazei murill activated macrophage and interferon immune activity leading to tumor shrinkage, a halt in metastasis, and reduction of future cancer occurrences. As an adjunct, agaricus blazei murill was shown to lessen the side effects in individuals undergoing chemotherapy for endometrial, cervical, and ovarian cancers.

TURKEY TAIL MUSHROOMS In 1976, a Japanese company patented certain extracts of this mushroom under the name PSK and later PSP. They have since become recognized cancer drugs in Japan. The anti-viral properties of the turkey tail mushroom offer a unique opportunity to target oncoviruses (tumor virus) such as human papillomavirus leading to cervical cancer, hepatitis C leading to liver cancers, and others. For this mushroom, again studies are showing increased NK activity towards tumor detection and eradication.

This antioxidant helps prevent cell damage. Several small studies have shown that lycopene supplements can reduce the size of prostate tumors and their tendency to spread. They also can lower one’s prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, a common marker of prostate cancer risk. Advice: For prostate cancer prevention and for men with elevated PSA levels, I recommend taking 5 mg to 10 mg of lycopene daily, even if you eat lycopene-rich foods. If you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer, discuss taking 30 mg daily with your physician. Use tomato-based (not synthetic) lycopene, which contains other beneficial antioxidants.

**All supplements should be taken under supervision of a medical professional**

Cancer Fighting Foods

Many different foods can help in the battle against cancer. Most important is to avoid foods that feed the illness, such as refined sugars , processed and preserved foods. Maintaining a strict “Anti-Cancer” diet is a crucial component , arguably the most important element to defeating cancer. Below are several great places to start in building an individual anti-cancer diet. Leafy Green Vegetables Leafy greens are the cornerstone of any healthy diet since they’re exceptionally rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and enzymes, yet very low in calories, fats, sodium and other toxins. Leafy greens of all kinds — nutritious spinach, kale, collard greens, romaine, arugula salad, watercress, etc. — are rich in antioxidants known to combat cancer, including vitamin C and beta-carotene (a type of vitamin A). And the benefits keep coming; as natural sources of glucosinolates, they also contain antibacterial and antiviral properties, inactivate carcinogens, help reprogram cancer cells to die off, and prevent tumor formation and metastasis. These powerhouse chemicals are known to break down during the chewing and digestion process into biologically active compounds that prevent cancer cells growth, which are referred to as indoles, thiocyanates and isothiocyanates. Isothiocyanates (ITCs) found in leafy greens, which are made from glucosinolates, have been reported to help detox your body at the cellular level. Add a handful of leafy greens to your lunch and dinner to increase your nutrient intake; to make obtaining them simpler, try juicing vegetables for near perfect health. Vegetable juices are very easy to digest and make yourself at home. The Gerson diet meal plan even advises cancer patients to drink 13 glasses of freshly prepared juice daily! Cruciferous Vegetables Cruciferous vegetables are known to be powerful cancer killers and some of the best vitamin C foods widely available. Many are rich in glutathione, known as the body’s “master antioxidant” since it has high free-radical-scavenging abilities. Nearly all members of the brassica family of cruciferous vegetables are nutrient-dense sources of a family of phytochemicals called isothiocyanates that are linked to cancer prevention. In addition to isothiocyanates, cruciferous veggies like cabbage and broccoli also contain sulforaphane and indoles — two types of strong antioxidants and stimulators of detoxifying enzymes that protect the structure of DNA. Add one or two kinds — including broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage or Brussels sprouts — to three mostly plant-based meals daily in the form of roasted veggies, soups or stir fries, or dip them into hummus or Greek yogurt for a healthy, fast snack. Additionally, many other vegetables are beneficial for lowering cancer risk, including onions, zucchini, asparagus, artichokes, peppers, carrots and beets. Berries The ORAC scores of nearly all berries are very high, making them some of the top high-antioxidant foods in the world. Blueberries, raspberries, cherries, strawberries, goji berries, camu camu and blackberries are easy to find and use in numerous types of recipes — which is good news considering they supply vitamin C, vitamin A and gallic acid, a powerful antifungal/antiviral agent that increases immunity. Berries are especially rich in proanthocyanidin antioxidants, which have been observed to have anti-aging properties in several animal studies and are capable of lowering free radical damage. High amounts of phenols, zeaxanthin, lycopene, cryptoxanthin, lutein and polysaccharides are other berry benefits. Less familiar “superfoods” mulberry, camu camu and goji berries have been used in traditional Chinese medicine since around 200 B.C. to increase immunity and energy, so look for those in powder or dried form in health food stores and online. Brightly Orange-Colored Fruits and Veggies
(Citrus Fruits, Squash, Sweet Potatoes,ect) Brightly colored pigments found in plant foods are a sure sign that they’re beaming with phytochemicals, especially carotenoid antioxidants. This is exactly the reason you want to “eat the rainbow” and vary the colors of the foods on your plate. Carotenoids (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lycopene, lutein, cryptoxanthin) are derivatives of vitamin A found in many citrus fruits, sweet potatoes, berries, pumpkin, squashes and other plant foods. One of the most researched is beta-carotene, an essential nutrient for immune functioning; detoxification; liver health; and fighting cancers of the skin, eyes and organs. Two nutrients that give these foods their signature dark hues include lutein and zeaxanthin, which have been shown to help prevent eye and skin-related disorders since they act as antioxidants that filter harmful high-energy blue wavelengths, protecting healthy cells in the process. When it comes to carbohydrate-rich veggies, studies show that complex carbs, including sweet potatoes, carrots, beets, other tubers and whole-grain foods, is related to a reduced risk of several types of cancer, particularly of the upper digestive tract. This is likely due to a favorable role of fiber, but the issue is still open to discussion. In contrast, refined grain intake and high glycemic load foods are associated with increased risk of different types of cancer, including breast and colorectal. Fresh Herbs and Spices Turmeric, which contains the active ingredient curcumin, has been shown to decrease tumor size and fight colon and breast cancer. Along with easy-to-use black pepper, turmeric absorption is enhanced and better able to fight inflammation. Aim for one teaspoon of turmeric powder and 1/4 teaspoon of black pepper or more daily, which can easily be used in a tonic drink, with eggs or in a veggie stir fry. You can also take curcumin supplements; aim for 1,000 milligrams daily. Additionally, other herbs that act as immune system boosters include ginger, raw garlic, thyme, cayenne pepper, oregano, basil and parsley — which can easily be used in many recipes, juices, dressings and smoothies. Organic Meats Organic meats including beef or chicken liver are recommended on many cancer-fighting diets since they’re considered some of the most nutrient-dense foods on the planet and extremely high in vitamin B12. Consuming organic meats as part of a “nose to tail” approach to eating animal proteins provides minerals that help cleanse the liver and enhance the ability to remove toxins from the blood and digestive tract. Detoxifying with rich sources of selenium, zinc and B vitamins helps purify blood; produce the bile needed to digest fats; balance hormones naturally; and store essential vitamins, minerals and iron. These mineral-rich foods can help counteract the effects of alcohol, prescription drugs, hormone disruptions, high triglyceride levels, low potassium, obesity and viral infections. Cultured Dairy Products Cultured dairy products are a rich source of “good bacteria” probiotics, which are microorganisms that promote a natural bacterial balance in your intestinal microflora and help increase immunity. Over 80 percent of your immune system is housed in your gut, so it’s no surprise that probiotic foods and supplementation can stop tumor growth and help cells renew. One of the easiest ways to consume more probiotics is in their most natural state, which includes raw milk products such as cheese, kefir and yogurt. Raw and cultured are key here, since fermentation produces probiotics but high heat processing used to pasteurize dairy can damage many of the vital nutrients, including the enzymes, proteins and probiotics. Most dairy today is loaded with hormones, antibiotics, pain killers and pesticide residue so buying organic is also important. Aim for six ounces of cultured dairy daily (probiotic yogurt, cottage cheese, goat milk kefir or amasai). Cottage cheese, which is rich in sulfur protein and saturated fats, was found to be especially beneficial as part of the Budwig diet for cancer protocol. You can also increase your probiotic food intake without dairy by consuming cultured vegetables like kimchi, sauerkraut, coconut kefir, kombucha or natto. Nuts and Seeds Chia seeds and flaxseeds are two of the most nutrient-dense seeds in the world. They provide fiber, omega-3 fatty acids and a range of important minerals. Hemp seeds, sesame seeds, pumpkin seeds and sunflower seeds are also beneficial and full of healthy fatty acids, as are walnuts, brazil nuts and almonds. Their health benefits and are best sprouted and can be used easily in smoothies, baked goods and with yogurt. Aim for two tablespoons daily. Healthy Unrefined Oils (Coconut, Flax, Cod Liver and Extra Virgin Olive Oil) Did you know that your brain and nervous system control the function of your entire body and that about 60 percent of your nervous system is made up of fatty acids? The problem is that many of the conventional processed fats and oils widely consumed today are hydrogenated oils that are capable of destroying the membranes of our cells, leading to diseased cells and toxicity. Refined and rancid fats create problems throughout your entire body, leading to lower immune function, cell congestion and inflammation that kicks off disease. Replace refined vegetable oils, hydrogenated oils and trans fats with quality oils, including flax oil, extra virgin olive oil, cod oil and coconut oil. These nourish your gut and promote better immune function, help you reach and maintain a healthy weight, plus flaxseed and cod liver oil contain essential omega-3 fatty acids that can help energize your cells. Mushrooms Nutritious mushrooms vary in terms of their benefits, taste and appearance since hundreds of mushroom species are in existence today, but all are known to be immune-enhancers and many have been used to fight cancer for centuries. Reishi, cordyceps and maitake in particular can improve immune function and cell regeneration. Look for them in capsule or tincture form, and cook with them whole whenever possible too. Traditional Teas Metastasis is the most deadly aspect of cancer and results from several connected processes including cell proliferation, angiogenesis, cell adhesion, migration and invasion into the surrounding tissue. Metastasis is the principal cause of death among cancer patients, so it’s one of the most important issues in cancer research today. Several clinical and epidemiological studies have reported that the consumption of green tea can help decrease cancer risk. Green tea contains major polyphenolic compounds, including epigallocatechin-3-gallate, which has been shown to inhibit tumor invasion and angiogenesis, which are essential for tumor growth and metastasis. Teas derived from the leaves of the plant Camellia sinensis are commonly consumed as beverages around the world, including green, black or oolong tea. While all traditional teas seem to be beneficial, the most significant effects on human health have been attributed to green tea, such as matcha green tea. It contains the highest percentage of polyphenolic compounds, catechin, gallocatechin and EGCG. The antioxidant EGCG appears to be the most potent of all the catechins, and its anticancer effects have activity about 25–100 times more effective than that of vitamins C and E! EGCG has been reported to be linked to the modulation of multiple signaling pathways, finally resulting in the downregulation of expression of proteins involved in the invasiveness of cancer cells. Wild-Caught Fish According to a 2004 study conducted by researchers at the Ricerche Institute of Pharmacology, higher fish consumption is another favorable diet indicator of better immune function. The study, which investigated the cancer-fighting effects of the Mediterranean diet, found that people who reported eating less fish and more frequent red meat showed several common neoplasms in their blood that suggested higher susceptibility. Wild and especially small fish, including salmon, mackerel and sardines are anti-inflammatory omega-3 foods that are correlated with better brain, hormonal and nervous system health. Omega-3 fatty acids exert anti-inflammatory effects, and therefore recent studies have connected them to cancer prevention and natural enhancement of antitumour therapies. Evidence suggests a role for omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in cancer prevention and reducing symptoms of treatments like chemotherapy. Omega-3s have been shown to preserve muscle mass and function in chemotherapy cancer patients and to contribute to a reduced inflammatory response resulting from the treatment’s toxicity.
*list compiled by Dr. Joshua Axe

**All diet plans should be followed under supervision of a medical professional**

Everyday Products that Feed and Cause Cancer

On a daily basis we are all exposed to an exorbitant amount of carcinogens. From the air we breathe to the food we eat, what we clean ourselves with to the very clothes we wear. Our body is constantly bombarded by cancer causing elements. The first step in beating cancer is removing as many carcinogens from one’s life as possible. That often starts with the diet; stress reduction and purging your lifestyle of carcinogens is of nearly equal importance. The following is a list of everyday foods and items that feed cancer at a tremendous rate.
Genetically Modified Foods (GMOs):
The rapidly growing industry of genetically modified crops are infiltrating our food supply at an alarming rate. More than 90% of our corn and soy are now genetically modified. This fairly new practice is the source of many debates. Experts agree that adequate testing was not done before GMO foods were added to the ingredient listing of thousands of products. In other words, no one – including the growers and manufacturers of GMO foods – knows the long-term effect they will have on human health. Look for GMO-free labels whenever possible or buy organic (which always means a product is not genetically modified).

Refined Sugar:
The biggest cancer causing food (by far) is high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) and other refined sugars. Even brown sugar is highly refined white sugar with some of the removed molasses added back in for flavor and color. Refined sugars (and foods made with them) are the source of major insulin spikes and feed the growth of cancer cells. Since the majority of the sugar supply in the U.S. is made using genetically modified (GMO) sugar beets, a healthier option is organic honey, coconut sugar, or maple sugar. Now that oncologists are using diabetes medication to fight cancer cells, there’s no doubt (finally) that those mutated cancer cells love sugar.
Salted, Pickled, and Smoked Foods:
These products typically contain preservatives, such as nitrates, which are intended to prolong shelf life. The additives used in processed foods can accumulate in your body over time. Eventually, such toxins cause damage at the cellular level and lead to diseases like cancer. When smoked foods are cooked at high temperatures, the nitrates are converted to the much more dangerous nitrites. (Note: By pickled foods we don’t mean the fermented foods you make at home.)

Soda and Carbonated Beverages:
Sodas have been at the center of the health debate for two decades as a major cancer causing food. Filled with high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS), dyes, and a host of other chemicals, they are very bad for every aspect of your health. They provide zero nutritional value and rob your body of the nutrients you get from other foods. Adding “diet” to the label means you’re also likely consuming aspartame – which is no better than rat poison to human cells.

Diet soda:
You might be avoiding sugary beverages for fear of weight gain and metabolic diseases, or you would have heard about the risk of pancreatic cancer. But if diet soda is taking their place, you are in no less risk of developing cancers. Artificial sweeteners become the villains here. Several studies have linked Saccharin and Cyclamate with bladder cancer, and Aspartame with brain tumors.
They have been banned and reinstated, and several governmental agencies, including National Cancer Institute, vouch for their safety. But aspartame is metabolized into formaldehyde in the body and the fact that formaldehyde is a known carcinogen associated with breast and prostate cancers is conveniently forgotten.

White Flour:
When flour is refined, all nutritional value is removed. Then it’s bleached with chlorine gas to make it more appealing to consumers. The glycemic index for white flour is very high – meaning it spikes your insulin levels without providing nutritional fuel. Carbohydrates are converted to sugars by your body, so excessive products that contain white flour can lead to increased insulin resistance. Simple sugars (like refined carbohydrates) are the preferred fuel source for cancer.

Farmed Fish:
Commercial fish farming involves raising an incredible number of fish (such as salmon), in a crowded environment. More than 60% of the salmon consumed in the United States comes from a farming operation where they are treated with antibiotics, pesticides, and other carcinogenic chemicals to try and control the bacterial, viral, and parasitic outbreaks that result from cramming so many fish in a small space. Farmed fish also don’t have as much omega-3 as wild salmon.

Hydrogenated Oils:
Vegetable oils are chemically extracted from their source, chemically treated, and more chemicals are added to change the smell and taste. They’re packed with unhealthy omega-6 fats (that Americans already consume way too much of) and have been proven to alter the structure of our cell membranes.

Air fresheners:
Air fresheners ensure that we come home to a sweet-smelling house and car. They have become essential homecare products and have replaced good old cleaning routines and traditional potpourris and pomanders made of lavender blooms, spices and citrus fruits.
No one wants a smelly car or home, but when we think about it, do these easy-to-use air fresheners improve the quality of the air in any way? They are just masking the foul odors, giving us a false sense of sanitation.
How do they do that? Air fresheners contain some chemical substances that assault the olfactory receptors in our nostrils, rendering them incapable of recognizing other smells. Not only that, they add a bunch of other harmful chemicals into our homes, deteriorating the air quality further.
Look at some of the common chemicals found in air fresheners:
Acetaldehyde – This chemical with a deceptively innocuous fruity odor is a known carcinogen.
Benzaldehyde – Classified by United States Environmental Protection Agency as a hazardous substance, this chemical smells of almond oil.
1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol – A strong-smelling chemical known to cause kidney and liver cancers.
1,4-Dichlorobenzene – Another carcinogen with a strong smell that can mask other odors by numbing our sensory receptors.
Methyl pyrrolidone – featured on the list of Chemicals Known to the State to Cause Cancer or Reproductive Toxicity according to the California Proposition 65.
Add to these some petroleum-based solvents and fragrances, and we have a potent concoction of cancer- causing substances, not to mention their role in causing neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s.

Alcoholic beverages:
If you think alcohol consumption in moderate quantities is good for cardiovascular health, it has now been shown to increase your cancer risk. According to a research study conducted by the Boston University School of Medicine and Public Health, alcohol was responsible for over 20,000 deaths due to cancer in 2009.
The results published in the American Journal of Public Health (April 2013) shows that even a drink or two a day can increase the risk of cancers of esophagus, colon, rectum and breast.
Alcohol promotes the production of stomach acids that can damage the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. The effect is worse in people who already have problems like peptic ulcer. Ethanol in the alcoholic beverages gets converted to acetaldehyde, which causes DNA damage that triggers cancer. It also increases estrogen production and accelerates the growth of liver cells. These could be some of the reasons for the carcinogenic effect of alcohol.

Birth control:
Birth control pills have been implicated in increased risk of breast cancer as well as cancers of the cervix and liver. But these findings were tempered by their effect of reducing the risk of ovarian and endometrial cancers. But birth control as a whole – as in not having children at all – also is a risk factor for breast cancer.
It would seem that female bodies are hard-wired for the biological processes of childbearing and breastfeeding. Having multiple pregnancies and childbirths, especially before the age of thirty, followed by breast feeding for a year or more significantly reduce breast cancer risks. It has to do with not only hormones but the development of breast tissue into a mature form that is more resistant to cancerous changes.

Candles have lighted people’s homes for centuries since they were first made by Romans and Egyptians. In this age of electric lights, candles are used mainly as accents for their soft glow and romantic feel. If candles of old were fashioned from nut fats, animal fats and beeswax, until the much neater paraffin wax developed from petroleum became popular in the 1850s. This made candle making easy, and candles cheap.
But it seems this pristine, blue-tinted white wax is not all that neat if recent studies are anything to go by. The fumes released as paraffin wax burns contain carcinogens such as toluene, aldehydes, ketones and other fossil fuel components which can build up inside homes. An occasional candle-lit dinner may not cause cancer, but a regular habit of burning candles as part of a relaxing evening routine may.
Shield your candle flames from draughts by all means, but ensure good ventilation. Small, enclosed spaces like bathrooms are no place for burning candles.
Do This Instead: Burn pure beeswax or soy candles instead – such as this Bluecorn Naturals 100% Beeswax Candle.

Car fumes:
The higher incidence of lung cancer in miners exposed to diesel fumes has made International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) issue a warning against the use of this fuel. Diesel engine exhausts have higher amounts of particulate matter known to cause asthma and lung cancer. But the truth is that not just diesel fumes, but all kinds of fossil fuel fumes contain several known carcinogens.
Diesel and petrol (gasoline), as well as airplane fuel, are derived from petroleum through a distillation process, but they are separated from crude oil at different temperatures. The main difference lies in their combustion inside the engines. Apart from airborne particulate matter, they all release toxic carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons including benzene.
Benzene is a known carcinogen that damages the bone marrow where blood cells are produced. Chronic exposure to this chemical is implicated in several types of blood cancers.

Cosmetics come under the purview of FDA, but they are not as strictly regulated as drugs. Since they are mainly applied externally to enhance appearance, their use is considered incidental and temporary. If at all any testing is done on their safety, it is mainly to test for pain, burning sensation, changes in skin color and other localized allergic reactions.
It may seem that you can get rid of all the ingredients in cosmetics by simply washing them off at the end of the day. But the appearance of certain sunscreen chemicals like benzophenone-3 in urine several days after use, points to the fact that they are not only absorbed, but stored in the body as well.
Hair dyes have been linked to cancer risks, but many other everyday cosmetics contain the carcinogens like formaldehyde, benzene, toluene and 1,4-dioxane. Fragrances used in these products are particularly suspicious because their manufacturers do not even share their formula with the cosmetic product companies. Even those who claim to be natural or organic may not be all that safe.

Granite is a hardwearing stone that looks great when used for flooring, wall cladding or as countertops. When polished to a mirror finish, it is easy to clean and less likely to stain, compared to marble. These factors have made it popular in many modern kitchens. But granite is known to emit radon, a radioactive gas which is believed to increase risk of cancer. It is a decay product of radium formed when the uranium and thorium in bedrocks decay.
Granites come from many countries, and are available in many colors. Their radioactivity is also just as varied. Radon gas is colorless and odorless, which makes it impossible to detect with our senses. What makes it all the more dangerous is its high density.
When emitted by the granite inside homes, it remains close to the ground and accumulates, steadily releasing radioactive daughter elements and ionizing radiation. According to EPA, radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer.
Testing for radon gas is the only way to detect its presence. Reducing granite use and providing active ventilation in the areas it is used may help cut down the risk of exposure.

Brushing our teeth with a dollop of toothpaste twice a day or more is necessary for oral health; or so we have been told. But there’s a studied silence regarding the safety and efficacy of the ingredients in our toothpaste.
Take the case of fluoride. This substance in toothpaste is supposed to reduce cavities, but people who have high amounts of fluoride in their drinking water have been known to develop fluorosis, a degenerative condition affecting teeth and bones.
Fluoride’s possible link to a type of bone cancer called osteosarcoma is occasionally brought into media attention, only to be shot down with the justification that conclusive evidence is lacking. Fluoride is added to drinking water supplies in several parts of the US despite an outcry against it, and fluoride toothpastes continue to be recommended.
Another cancer-causing agent in toothpaste is triclosan, an antibiotic substance added to ensure dental hygiene. On reacting with chlorinated water, it forms chloroform, which is a known hepatotoxin.
Although triclosan exposure for over six months is known to cause hepatic tumors in rodents, whether this compound directly causes liver tumors or just aids their development is still under speculation. However, it is a relief that many toothpaste companies, including Colgate, are reformulating their products excluding triclosan.

Hot tea:
The health benefits of tea are drawing people to the habit of drinking freshly brewed tea, which has been an age-old tradition in many communities across the world. While tea is packed with antioxidant power, drinking it piping hot may give you cancer of the esophagus.
Researchers have come to this conclusion because of higher incidence of esophageal cancer in Asian and Middle Eastern populations that habitually drink hot tea. Smoking and alcohol consumption are considered the main risk factors of this cancer in the US and Europe.
But its occurrence in females of these traditional communities – who generally don’t drink or smoke – has shifted the focus to tea drinking. Physical damage to the lining of esophagus is thought to be the risk factor here. So let your tea cool down before you sip it.

Burnt food:
When you grill food items, especially fish, chicken and meat, the slightly burnt and blackened areas provide a visual appeal as well as a smoky flavor that many of us find attractive. But they can increase your risk of stomach, colon, and pancreatic cancers.
When protein foods are browned, the amino acids that make up protein get converted to heterocyclic amines (HCA). Most of them are highly carcinogenic because they cause damage to our DNAs and induce mutations. Cooking meat and other animal foods on high heat, whether you fry them or broil them, can also produce HCA.
But grilling carries the most cancer risk as the fat dripping from the food gets burnt, releasing smoke that gets absorbed by the foods. This smoke, while enhancing the taste of the food, provides a good dose of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, many of which are carcinogens.

Microwave popcorn:
Although you can make popcorn in a frying pan or air pop the kernels, who can deny that making microwave popcorn is less messy? But this convenience comes at the risk of cancer. This time, the culprit is the waxy coating of the popcorn bags that produces perfluorooctanoic acid, a carcinogen implicated in prostate and liver cancer.
The risk was first pointed out over 10 years ago in the Journal of Occupational Medicine (1993), but it is a shame that we still continue to favor these all-in-one popcorn bags merely for convenience when healthier ways of popping the corn could give us the same results. Try the old fashioned way of cooking popcorn on the stove and use organic coconut oil and real butter for a delicious anytime snack.

Canned foods:
Although the convenience of canned goods may be hard to resist, they are not particularly healthy and maybe even dangerous. Vacuum sealing in metal containers lined with plastic coating allayed fears of contamination with heavy metals from the cans as well as the use of harmful chemical preservatives, but it has raised new concerns. The plastic lining of Bisphenol A is implicated in hormonal disturbances and DNA changes that resulted in breast cancer.
While some countries like Canada have already banned polycarbonate baby bottles on account of the cancer risk associated with BPA, others are in denial, probably because of pressure from industries. Sticking to whole foods is always best.

Awareness about the risks of skin cancer and premature aging from exposure to the UV rays from the sun has increased the use of sunscreens. But their diabolical nature is under scanner now. Zinc oxide, a common ingredient in sunscreens is known to produce free radicals which can cause DNA damage and trigger cancer growth.
Benzophenone-3, also called oxybenzone, is another sunscreen ingredient that has a similar effect. Dermal absorption of this chemical is thought to be low, but it has been detected in the urine samples taken 5 days after use.
Although Sweden has put a ban on this chemical, FDA has only limited it to 6% and the European Union Cosmetic Directive allows up to 10% because of its effectiveness in shielding the skin from UV rays.

Weed killers:
Weed killers have made both manual and mechanical weeding redundant. But the downside is the chemical load they are adding to our soil and water ways and our food. There are many types of weed killers for different purposes. For example, the ones containing 2,4-D are used exclusively for killing broadleaf plants such as dandelions in lawns. But the Glyphosate in Roundup is indiscriminate in its action, destroying all types of vegetation.
World Health Organization has voiced concerns about the cancer risk posed by these active ingredients as well as the surfactants that come along with them. But the large corporates that control the agriculture industry turn a deaf ear to that.
With carcinogens all around us, avoiding cancer may seem like a losing battle. As you can see, most of these cancer risks are the fruits of modern technology, which is why we find cancers to be less prevalent in many undeveloped and economically backward countries.

-Zack Nere